FAQ

Answers to your questions about AMMs, tokenized bitcoin, the Saddle app, and more.

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Questions

What is Saddle?

Saddle is an automated market maker (AMM) for pegged value crypto assets. Saddle enables anyone holding a pegged value crypto asset to trade in between other pegged assets with minimal slippage, ensuring users don’t lose value while trading.

What is tokenized bitcoin?

Tokenized bitcoin is BTC that has been “sent” from the Bitcoin blockchain to the Ethereum blockchain. BTC is held in a deposit contract that then “mints” a token on Ethereum that has the same value as regular BTC but can be used to the full capability of an ERC-20 token. Some examples of tokenized bitcoin include tBTC, renBTC, WBTC, and sBTC.

What are pegged value crypto assets?

Pegged value crypto assets are tokens that have their value pegged to an underlying asset by some means. For example, the value of a stablecoin or tokenized bitcoin is supposed to be $1 or 1 BTC, respectively.

However, pegged value crypto assets fix this value using different mechanisms. Some assets, like Synthetix sBTC or sUSD, maintain their peg synthetically (in this case, via collateralization of SNX). Other assets maintain their peg by being backed by and redeemable for the actual underlying asset, either permissionlessly (e.g. tBTC) or through a centralized custodian (e.g. WBTC, USDC).

These different approaches and the associated risks are why the prices of pegged value crypto assets of the same type can vary slightly.

What is price impact?

Price impact is the difference between the current market price and estimated execution price due to order size.

What is max slippage?

Max slippage is the maximum percentage the execution price can change unfavorably by, if exceeded your transaction will revert.

Slippage occurs when other trades change the price during the window between when your transaction is submitted and actually executed.

Why is Saddle launching with tokenized bitcoin?

Bitcoin is the largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, and the amount of tokenized BTC on Ethereum has been exploding - the supply has increased ~135X in 2020. Despite this growth, tokenized BTC is often not a priority when it comes to features and support. We believe bitcoin deserves to be treated as a first-class citizen in DeFi.

Will Saddle support other asset pools? When?

Yes! We will support trading between and among other pegged value crypto assets like stablecoins and ETH-based tokens. We anticipate these pools to go live in Q1 or Q2 2021.

Does Saddle have a token?

Saddle does not currently have a token.

What is Saddle’s guarded launch, "Proof of Governance"? Who can participate?

Saddle is launching with Proof of Governance to protect our users with certain limits and discourage sybil attacks. Initially, there will be a pool TVL cap of 150 BTC and a per-address deposit limit of 1 BTC. These limits will be raised every 1-2 weeks.

For LPs to qualify for PoG, an address must have demonstrated active network participation in one of the following ways:

  • On-chain voting or delegation (MKR, COMP, YFI, YAM, CRV, UNI, UMA, Moloch DAO)

  • Off-chain voting on Snapshot (all protocols)

  • Staking SNX and minting sUSD (>$20)

The cutoff date for all activity is October 1st, 2020, with the exception of UNI, which is January 1st, 2021.

A full list of eligible addresses is available here. PoG is temporary and will be phased out in the future.

We are implementing this guarded launch to establish a more controlled environment that will allow us to ensure a stable launch and remain responsible with users’ funds in a more controlled environment. Our objective above all else is to ensure the application performs to its expectations, users’ funds remain safe, and our community of supporters, developers, and users remain confident in our ability to successfully and fairly launch.

The guarded launch does not apply to the AMM. Users will be able to trade in between tokenized bitcoin types immediately at launch.

Why do I get the message “Unfortunately, this address isn't eligible to deposit...” when I try to use Saddle?

Saddle is going live with a guarded launch known as Proof of Governance (PoG). If you see an error message, it is because the wallet you are using has not been used in one of the governance processes listed in the question above. Try connecting another wallet, or wait for the guarded launch to end.

Who can use Saddle?

At launch, everyone will be able to use Saddle’s AMM to trade in between tokenized bitcoin pairs.

At launch, the only people who will be able to provide liquidity to the tokenized bitcoin pool are those who have participated in select governance processes, you can refer to the "What is Saddle’s guarded launch..." question for more details.

How do I use Saddle?

Head to the Saddle App and start using it now!

What are Saddle’s liquidity provider rewards?

The Keep Network team has committed 250,000 KEEP a week as reward incentives for liquidity providers. At the TVL cap, that means LPs will be earning up to ~30% APY on their deposits! Learn more about the Keep network, KEEP, and your opportunities to stake KEEP for additional APY.

What is tBTC?

tBTC is the first truly decentralized, secure tokenized bitcoin solution. tBTC is secured by the Keep network, a blockchain solution to privacy. The Keep network stores the keys of minted tBTC in decentralized “keeps”, thus eliminating centralized weak points.

I can’t provide liquidity to Saddle because of the guarded launch. When will I be able to start using Saddle?

The guarded launch will be phased out over time, at which point anyone will be able to provide liquidity to Saddle pools.

In the meantime, anyone can use the Saddle AMM to trade in between tokenized bitcoin types.

What are the fees for using Saddle?

At launch, there is no fee to withdraw your liquidity from Saddle pools. Eventually, we will implement diminishing fees. With diminishing fees, your fee falls to 0bps over the course of a month after you first provide liquidity.

Who built Saddle?

Saddle is built by DeFi natives with prior years of developer experience at Web2 companies like Uber, Amazon, and Square. You might have interacted with our founder Sunil (aka devops199fan) in the YFI community (he’s a multisig signer), or used tools created by members of our team, like yieldfarming.info by John (aka Weeb_Mcgee).

Is Saddle safe?

Saddle has been audited by Certik, Quantstamp, and OpenZeppelin. Read the audits here.

Who controls Saddle's admin keys?

Saddle's admin keys are controlled by a 3/5 Gnosis Safe multisig. The signers are Mariano Conti, Kain Warwick, DegenSpartan, Klim K, and Damir Bandalo. This multisig has capabilities to pause new deposits and trades in case of technical emergencies. Users will always be able to withdraw their funds regardless of new deposits being paused. The multisig can also change the swap/withdrawal fees and the per pool/account deposit limits.

Name

ENS

Address

Mariano Conti

0x6F2A8Ee9452ba7d336b3fba03caC27f7818AeAD6

Kain Warwick

Kain.eth

0x5b97680e165b4dbf5c45f4ff4241e85f418c66c2

DegenSpartan

degenspartan.eth

0x4E60bE84870FE6AE350B563A121042396Abe1eaF

Klim K

yfi.milkyklim.eth

0x0cec743b8ce4ef8802cac0e5df18a180ed8402a7

Damir Bandalo

0xa83838221278f22ee5bAe3E523f34D42b066D67D

How can I keep up with Saddle?

Discord! Twitter! Telegram! Github! Medium!